In its most recent legislative session, the Kentucky General Assembly enacted two new data breach laws, HB 5 and HB 232, which go into effect July 15, 2014. Kentucky governmental agencies, those doing business with governmental agencies, and persons simply doing business in Kentucky should be aware of these added data security and breach notification requirements. Some level of comfort may be taken by health care providers, health insurance companies, banks, or others who are subject to either the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”) or Title V of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999, as at least HB 232 appears to exempt them. However, questions remain as to whether HIPAA-covered entities and banks are exempt under HB 5 when they have a contract with a state agency and receive personal information from the agency. Hopefully this issue will be sorted out in the rule-making to come, before additional requirements of HB 5 kick in on January 1, 2015.